Visit the province of North Holland with cities like Amsterdam, Haarlem and and enjoy a wonderful holiday embracing every one of the typically Dutch icons!. The province of North Holland is located in the western portion of the Netherlands. The province includes the country's most famous city – Amsterdam. The Netherlands has 12 provinces (Dutch: provincies) representing the administrative layer between the national government and the local municipalities, with responsibility for matters of subnational or regional importance. The most populous province is South Holland, with over million . There were 17 in total: from these unified Netherlands, seven northern.