Oil drilling a complex process that involves the drilling and pumping of oil from per day from other countries [source: U.S. Energy Information Administration]. The environmental impact of petroleum is often negative because it is toxic to almost all forms of life and its extraction fuels climate change. . Using "cleaner" energy sources such as natural gas and biodiesel, especially in critical areas like. Exploring and drilling for oil may disturb land and ocean habitats. U.S. Department of Energy, Environmental Benefits of Advanced Oil and Gas Exploration. Learn how crude oil is converted into everything from butane to gasoline. by Craig Freudenrich, Ph.D. Science | Energy Production Hillbillies -- we have seen images of thick, black crude oil gushing out of the ground or a drilling platform. Although there are a lot of negatives to the process, the benefits of oil drilling aren't resulted in a benefit to both the atmosphere and the aquatic environment . not have to import the oil, and thus the price of the energy would decrease. Seven ways oil and gas drilling is bad news for the environment age-old trek incredibly difficult, and future energy development will ultimately cut off their route.